Oculoplastic examination


The eyelid is very important to the health of the underlying eye, providing coverage of the cornea and the distribution of tears on the ocular surface.

  1. Ectropion is a condition that commonly affects the lower eyelid, causing it turn outwards, resulting in persistent watering of the eye and exposed inner eyelid. The most common cause of ectropion is that the muscles of the eyelid become less elastic due to aging, but this may also happen in the case of facial palsy or scarring.
    • Entropion is a condition that commonly affect the lower eyelid, causing it turn inwards, resulting trichiasis where the eyelashes rub on the front of the eye. This causes discomfort and redness, or can lead to development of corneal ulcer.
    • Ptosis is the medical term for a drooping of the upper eyelid. It can be congenital and acquired. In children if there is sign of amblyopia (lazy eye), the operation must not be delayed.
    • Blepharitis is an inflammatory condition affecting the edge of the eyelids. The cause is often unknown. Prolonged treatment may be required before it effective and the condition can recur. The symptoms of blepharitis are: red, inflamed eyelids, crusting around the eyelashes, itching and discomfort.
  2. Chalazion is the chronic inflammatorical condition caused by a blockage in one of the small glands in the eyelid. Although it is unsightly, it is easy to treat and should not cause any major problems with vision.